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Issue 4/2019 of integration

In separating the notion of integration from program­matic attri­bu­tions, Frank Schim­melfennig offers inter­esting reflec­tions on a theoretical new conception for a more future-oriented European integration. Highly topical is Daniel Göler’s and Florence Reiter’s article that deals with the challenges of web-based data storage for European studies. Johannes Müller Gómez and Wulf Reiners take into account the insti­tu­tional compe­tition between the European Parliament and the European Council ten years after coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty by regarding the inter­gov­ern­mental and supra­na­tional elements of their division of compe­tences. Central to Yvonne Nasshoven’s article about the “Spitzenkan­di­daten­prinzip” is her analysis of the appointment of the President of the European Commission after the 2019 European elections as well as her conclu­sions drawn from that for possible scenarios in 2024. Based on regional and geopo­litical devel­op­ments as well as lessons learned from the previous Central Asia Strategy, Katrin Böttger, Yvonne Braun and Julian Plottka provide a first assessment of the new strategy from May 2019. Erik Brandes reports on the annual conference of the IEP in September 2019 in Berlin which focused on Germany’s role in Europe.

From Debordering to Rebordering: Crisis and Change in European Integration

Frank Schim­melfennig

The “polycrisis” of the European Union (EU) presents integration research with major conceptual and theoretical challenges. In the interest of an adequate under­standing of current devel­op­ments in European integration, this contri­bution argues for opening the dominant concept of integration in order to system­at­i­cally include the integration of the EU’s external bound­aries and to overcome its liberal bias. In this perspective, the current change in European integration consists mainly in external rebor­dering. It consti­tutes a correction of the pre-crisis type of debor­dering integration – a correction, which is conducive to the consol­i­dation of European integration in principle.

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A Systemic Rivalry? Ten Years of Institutional Competition Between the European Parliament and the European Council

Johannes Müller Gómez and Wulf Reiners

The European Parliament and the European Council have been considered the two winners of the Lisbon Treaty reforms. Through their different structure and democ­ratic legit­imacy, the insti­tu­tions can be under­stood as the antipodes in a bipolar system. Their struggle for political orien­tation and leadership shapes the entire system. Against this backdrop, the article examines the compe­tition between the two insti­tu­tions and the impli­ca­tions for the insti­tu­tional structure of the European Union (EU). The authors use two theoretical models to examine six arenas of EU decision-making, which were shaped by either of the insti­tu­tions or by joint action of both of them in the last ten years. The analysis shows that both European Parliament and European Council have had successes. Treaty provi­sions, the presence of crisis moments and the intra-insti­tu­tional cohesion are key factors that influence success and failure in the insti­tu­tional competition.

The “Spitzenkandidatenprinzip” in the European Elections 2019 and Possible Future Scenarios

Yvonne Nasshoven

This contri­bution examines the process of appointing the President of the European Commission in the aftermath of the European elections 2019. It analyses the interests of the players involved and mirrors these against the backdrop of patterns of earlier nomina­tions. In addition, the article reflects on conse­quences for the political system of the European Union as a whole, especially with regard to the role of European political parties. The contri­bution finally develops possible scenarios for future appoint­ments: In general, these could take cooper­ative or competing formats. In case of furthering supra­na­tional elements transna­tional lists could be used in combi­nation with the “Spitzenkan­di­daten process”. This would still require a “saut quali­tatif” by the European party families.

The EU Central Asia Strategy 2019 – Rather a Framework for Action than a Strategic Document

Katrin Böttger, Yvonne Braun and Julian Plottka

In May 2019, the Council of the European Union (EU) adopted a new Central Asia Strategy. Drivers behind the strategic renewal were trans­for­ma­tions in Central Asia, the new geopo­litical context, lessons from the imple­men­tation of the previous strategy, and the new EU Global Strategy of 2016. With regard to these devel­op­ments, a number of expec­ta­tions towards the new strategy derived. Based on an outline of recent devel­op­ments, the article identifies current challenges and expec­ta­tions and assesses whether the new strategy lives up to them. It concludes that the 2019 strategy is rather a framework for action than a strategic document. However, its major assets are “flexi­bility” with regard to future trends and “inclu­siveness” in terms of stake­holders’ ownership for the EU’s Central Asia policy. To sustain this ownership, the Central Asia policy needs suffi­cient funding under the next multi­annual financial framework. During programming, the EU has to define clear prior­ities for bilateral and regional measures. To generate synergies, the EU insti­tu­tions and member states have to agree on an internal division of labor. Finally, the EU has to put “principled pragmatism” into practice by finding a balance between the promotion of values and interests.

“Let’s Archive!” Web-based Data Storage as a Challenge to European Studies

Daniel Göler and Florence Reiter

Web-based data collec­tions are having a growing impact on European integration research. However, analysing this type of data is becoming increas­ingly challenging for researchers. A so-called third method­ological level can be identified, namely the field of data archiving, which is currently hardly mentioned in the method­ological debate. Thus, researchers must deal with web archiving and its techno­logical possi­bil­ities and limita­tions if they want to base their work on web-based data. This is important in order to ensure replic­a­bility and relia­bility while collecting, storing and archiving web-based data, which cannot be covered by tradi­tional methods.


Erik Brandes

Deutschland in Europa: Hegemon oder ehrlicher Makler?

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